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International Congress on Vaccines & Immunology

Amsterdam, Netherlands

Joyce Sima Muttassa

Joyce Sima Muttassa

Kinondoni Municipal Council, Tanzania

Title: Antibiotic and antimicrobial resistance

Biography

Biography: Joyce Sima Muttassa

Abstract

The antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Bacteria, not humans or animals became antibiotic resistance. And the resistance occurs when bacteria in the same way that reduce or eliminates the effectiveness of drug, chemicals or other agents designed to cure or continue to multiply causing more harm. Bacteria can do this through several mechanisms are example of antibiotic resistance include methicilline resistance, staphylococcus aureus [ARSA]. Penicillin resistance enterococcus and multdrug resistance mycobacterium tuberculosis [MDRTB] which is resistance to two tuberculosis drug isonized and rifampicilin. while antimiclobial resistance happens when microorganism (such as bacteria, fungi, virus and parasite) change when they are exposed to antimiclobial drugs such as antibiotics, antfungals and anthlmintics. The microorganisms that develop antimicrobial resistance are sometimes referred to as 'superbugs'. As a result the medicines become inffective and infections persist in the body increasing the risk of spread to others.